Assessment is integral to teaching and learning. A purposeful assessment helps teachers and students learn where they are, where they need to go, and where they have been. Below there are two different scenarios based on selecting a correct assessment that could be used to support the children, teachers, and parents. No one assessment can provide all of this feedback. There are many types of assessments that help to support the discovery of these skills and student knowledge. I'd love to hear your feedback on what assessments you believe would work for each of the students in their scenarios.
Choosing an assessment
Layne is coming up on her 3rd birthday. Layne has just begun a part-time preschool program. This is her first experience outside of the care of her family members. She is a very social child, motivated to please others, and enjoys interacting with adults and children. Layne's receptive vocabulary is a strength. She knows several words, but she is hard to understand. Layne uses toys functionally while at school; she has also quickly begun to anticipate classroom routines. Layne seeks and is motivated by praise. She enjoys interacting with others and is firmly attached to her parents, sister, and maternal Grandparents, as observed by the teaching staff at drop off and pick up. She is very interested in playing with other children. She cries and fusses when she is not understood. She can be soothed by reassurance and problem-solving. She is happy and often pleased with her activities. She can put together 3 to 4-word sentences. She is somewhat shy with new adults but warms to them quickly.
Assessments for intervention
John is five years old and attending his last year of preschool before entering kindergarten. John in school, John has appeared bored, started fighting with classmates, and arguing with the teacher. He cannot focus and becomes easily frustrated during tasks. He has begun throwing anything near him once he decides something has upset him.
John has two older sisters, who call him pain, and spoiled. Johns's parents don't know what to do anymore or how to help calm him. They have spoken with the teacher several times about these behaviors at home and school. Since birth, John has been a healthy child, and there were no complications to his mother's pregnancy. John has always been a very busy child and has never enjoyed sitting to color or play quietly on his own. The outburst of anger and become more easily frustrated have increased with age. His parents know something is going on, but they don't know what it is and don't know what to do next.